What Happened to Queen Victoria’s Children?

Queen Victoria (1819 – 1901), empress of the world’s largest empire, is perhaps one of history’s most iconic monarchs. Her reign lasted for more than 60 years, and her name also symbolizes an entire era of British history. 

Similarly, Victoria is also nicknamed the “Grandmother of Europe” because of her nine children and 42 grandchildren. 

When looking at Europe’s royal families, Queen Victoria’s children vine along to her grandchildren, great-grandchildren, and great-great-grandchildren, who all ruled as monarchs of many European countries. 

Her descendants are present in Russia, Germany, Greece, Romania, Norway, Sweden, and Spain. Not to mention, Queen Victoria was also the first sovereign to rule from Buckingham Palace.

Likewise, Victoria’s legacy affected political history and military history, with two of her descendants playing a role in WWI. She was also the royal carrier of Hemophilia – a condition now commonly associated with the royal bloodlines of Europe. 

However, what became of Queen Victoria’s children? Here is what happened to the nine royal heirs of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. 

Is Queen Victoria related to Queen Elizabeth? 

Queen Elizabeth is related to Queen Victoria through her father’s side. 

How tall was Queen Victoria when she died? 

Queen Victoria was barely five feet tall during the time of her passing. She was petite.  

1. Princess Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa (1840 – 1901)

A black and white photo of Princess Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa
A black and white photo of Princess Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa

Princess Victoria, born on November 21, 1840, at Buckingham Palace, was the first child among Queen Victoria’s children. She was made Princess Royal on January 19, 1841, garnering the title as the eldest daughter of the sovereign. She was lovingly known as “Vicky” to her family. 

The princess married Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia in 1858, who became the Emperor of Germany. Their son was Kaiser Wilhelm, the future German emperor of WWI notoriety. 

Princess Victoria was well-educated and multilingual, a consequence of her parents who believed in educating their children to the fullest since childhood. She spent her younger days primarily at Windsor and Buckingham Palace and remained intensely devoted to England all her life, even after her marriage to Frederick William. 

Her life at the Prussian court was relatively rigid, but she encouraged philanthropic causes and the arts despite the constraints. Her husband, however, developed throat cancer and died only 99 days after becoming emperor in 1888. She died of cancer, outliving her mother, Queen Victoria, only six months. 

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2. Prince Albert Edward Wettin (1841 – 1910) 

The second child of Queen Victoria-  Prince Albert Edward Wettin
The second child of Queen Victoria- Prince Albert Edward Wettin

Prince Albert, the second of Queen Victoria’s children, succeeded his mother as King Edward VII in 1901. Much like his elder sister, his family nicknamed him “Bertie.” 

Through familial bloodlines, Edward was related to royalty throughout Europe. Furthermore, Queen Victoria’s reign lasted decades. Edward was Prince of Wales and heir apparent to the British throne for almost 60 years. 

For the most part, Prince Edward personified the decadent lifestyle of the fashionable, leisured elite of the time. He also represented Britain while visiting abroad and traveled throughout the empire, performing ceremonial public duties.

After ascending the British throne, King Edward played a significant role in the modernization of the British Home Fleet. 

He was also responsible for reorganization the British Army after the Second Boer War (1899–1902). Moreover, King Edward also re-instituted traditional ceremonies as public displays, consequently broadening the pool of people with whom royalty socialized. 

What’s more, King Edward was also popularly called the “Peacemaker” as he fostered good relations between Britain and other European countries, especially France.

The Edwardian era, which enclosed Edward’s reign, was named after him. The French coined the term during a new century, which coincided with France’s Belle Epoque era.

This period heralded significant changes in society and technology, including the creation of steam turbine propulsion and the steady swell of socialism. He died in 1910.  

3. Princess Alice Maud Mary (1843 – 1878)

Princess Alice Maud Mary ( right) with her sister Princess Victoria
Princess Alice Maud Mary ( right) with her sister Princess Victoria

The second daughter, Princess Alice, was the first of Queen Victoria’s nine children to die. She was one of three children who Queen Victoria outlived. 

Princess Alice spent her early childhood years in the acquaintance of her parents and siblings. She also traveled with them between the British royal residences of Winsdor and Buckingham. 

Baron Stocker, her father’s close adviser and friend, devised her education, which included practical pastimes like needlework and woodwork and the French and German languages. 

Princess Alice nursed her father, Prince Albert, when he became fatally ill in December 1861, until his death.

Queen Victoria engulfed herself in intense mourning following the death of her husband, and Princess Alice spent the next six months as her mother’s unofficial secretary. 

She married the minor German Prince- Louis of Hesse on July 1, 1862, while the court was still at the height of mourning.

Their daughter Alexandra married Nicholas II, the last Tzar of Russia. Alexandra and Nicholas were Russia’s famous and unfortunate Romanov family. 

4. Prince Alfred Ernest Albert (1844 – 1900)

The fourth child of Queen Victoria-Prince Alfred Ernest Albert
The fourth child of Queen Victoria-Prince Alfred Ernest Albert

Nicknamed “Affie” by his family, Prince Albert was the second son and fourth child of Queen Victoria. He succeeded his paternal uncle as the reigning Duke in 1866 and was thus known as the Duke of Edinburgh. 

In 1856, when he was 12 years old, Prince Alfred entered the Royal Navy per his wishes. The Naval Forces assigned him a separate establishment with Lieutenant J.C. Cowell, RE, governor.

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He passed the special entrance examination in the Force in 1858 and became a naval cadet in HMS Euryalus at the age of 14.

On January 23, 1874, he married the Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia at the Winter Palace in St Petersburg, Russia.

A small English bakery also made the now popular Marie biscuit to commemorate the occasion, with the Duchess’ name embedded on its top. 

His descendants went on to be members of the Romanian royal family. The Duke of Saxe-Coburg passed away due to throat cancer on July 30, 1900. Queen Victoria survived him, only to die six months later.

5. Princess Helena Augusta Victoria (1846 – 1923)

The fifth child of Queen Victoria- Princess Helena Augusta Victoria
The fifth child of Queen Victoria- Princess Helena Augusta Victoria

Princess Helena, the fifth of Queen Victoria’s children, was perhaps the most active royal family member. Like her older sister, she too spent much of her younger days with family, traveling between British royal residences. 

During her time in the British royal court, she carried out extensive programs for royal engagements. Also an active patron of charities, Princess Helena was one of the founding members of the British Red Cross. 

She founded the Royal School of Needlework, was its president, and was also the head of the Workhouse Nursing Association. Her legacy lives on through her devotion to nursing. She represented many organizations and often took the lead at such charitable causes. 

Similarly, she was also an active campaigner of her causes. Leveraging her royal status, she wrote letters to newspapers and magazines promoting the interest in nurse registration and increasing society’s interest in organizations such as the Royal British Nurses Association. The RBNA still survives today. 

She married Prince Frederick Christian of Schleswig-Holstein and died at Schomberg House on June 9, 1923, at 77. 

6. Princess Louise Caroline Alberta (1843 – 1939)

The sixth child of Queen Victoria - Princess Louise Caroline Alberta
The sixth child of Queen Victoria – Princess Louise Caroline Alberta

Princess Louise, the sixth youngling and fourth daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, was a strong proponent of the arts and higher education. Along with being an able sculptor and an artist, she was also a firm supporter of the feminist cause. 

In 1871, she married a commoner, John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, with her mother’s approval and the support of the British people. Royals marrying commoners was an uncommon sight during this time.

Her husband later became the Governor-General of Canada. The province of Alberta, and the famous Lake Louise, are both named after the princess. 

Following Queen Victoria’s death in 1901, Princess Louise mingled within the social circles established by her elder brother, King Edward VII.

Her husband’s death in 1914 devastated her, and after the First World War, she retired from public life and undertook only a few general duties outside Kensington Palace. She died at the age of 91.

7. Prince Arthur William Patrick (1850 – 1942)

The seventh child of Queen Victoria - Prince Arthur William Patrick
The seventh child of Queen Victoria – Prince Arthur William Patrick

Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, was the seventh child and third son of Queen Victoria. He was reportedly Victoria’s favorite and her last surviving son.  

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Prince Arthur served as the Governor-General of Canada. He was the tenth person and the only British Prince to do so since the Canadian Confederation. He was also appointed Grand Prior of the Order of St John in 1910, a position he held until 1939. 

Since Prince Albert was a member of the royal family and a ruler, he held several titles during his life. He was also the recipient of many domestic and foreign honors and an active military member.

He was a Field Marshal and served as the personal aide-de-camp to four successive sovereigns. 

He married and had three children with Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia. On January 16, 1942, Prince Arthur died at Bagshot Park, at 91 years, the same age as his elder sister, Princess Louise. His funeral service occurred at St George’s Chapel in Windsor Castle. 

8. Prince Leopold George Duncan (1853 – 1884)

The 8th child of Queen Victoria - Prince Leopold George Duncan
The 8th child of Queen Victoria – Prince Leopold George Duncan

Prince Leopold was the youngest son of Queen Victoria. He was named after his uncle, King Leopold I of Belgium.

He had hemophilia inherited from his mother, which led to his untimely death at the age of 30. Even as a child, the prince was delicate and suffered mildly from epilepsy.  

Prince Leopold was an active Freemason, and his older brother- King Edward, initiated him into the Apollo University Lodge at Oxford.

Despite his delicate health, the prince was intellectually gifted and presented excellent artistic and literary capabilities.

Likewise, despite his inability to pursue an active role in the military, he held an honorary association with the 72nd Regiment. He also served as the first Colonel-in-Chief of the Seaforth Highlanders from 1881. 

Prince Leopold married Princess Helena Frederica of Waldeck in 1882. But the marriage did not last more than two short years due to his untimely death. 

9. Princess Beatrice Mary Victoria (1857 – 1944) 

The ninth child of Queen Victoria - Princess Beatrice Mary Victoria
The ninth child of Queen Victoria – Princess Beatrice Mary Victoria

The fifth daughter and the youngest of Queen Victoria’s children, Princess Beatrice’s childhood coincided with her mother’s grief following the death of her husband.

As the youngest, she was Victoria’s biggest confidant as her elder sisters had married and left their mother. Due to this, the Queen came to rely on the company of Princess Beatrice, whom she called “Baby” for most of her childhood. 

Princess Beatrice was the most demure and shyest of Queen Victoria’s children. However, she was the most well-known as she accompanied her mother almost wherever she went.

Despite her bashful nature, she was a skilled actress and dancer and a great artist and photographer.

She married Prince Henry of Battenberg in 1885 and had four children, passing the hemophiliac gene onto one of her daughters, Victoria. Then, it vined into the Spanish royal family through her. She died at Brantridge Park at the home of her niece, Princess Alice.  


After Queen Elizabeth II, Queen Victoria is the second-longest reigning British monarch in history.

Her reign manifested many significant cultural expansions, from advances in the industry, science, and communications to the building of railways and the London Underground. 

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