Agriculture in Ancient Rome

olive-mill

Romans exemplified farming techniques 1000 years. The initial Roman Republic (from 509 to 27 BCE) and the subsequent Roman Empire ( from 27 to 476 CE) grew from modest origins.  However, Rome ruled most parts …

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French Army Uniforms of WW1

French-infantry-M15-Adrian-helmet

France was part of the Triple Entente states that joined against the Central Powers during World War 1. Although fighting happened worldwide, most of the conflict in Europe occurred in Belgium, Luxembourg, France, and Alsace-Lorraine.  …

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Propaganda Posters Used in World War 1

A-WWI-Recruitment-poster-using-a-New-York-Herald-cartoon-by-W.A.-Rogers

After the United States declared war on Germany in 1917, industry resources on weaponry and technology increased considerably. It prompted President Woodrow Wilson to establish the Committee on Public Information, managing its official propaganda and …

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How did Marius Reform the Roman Army?

Bust-of-Marius-instigator-of-the-Marian-reforms

The Marian reforms were established in 107 BC by the politician Gaius Marius. They were the reformed ancient Roman Army named after Marius. The changes arose after the Roman Republic’s military and logistics stopped flowing …

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Why was Socrates Killed?

Marble-Portrait-of-Socrates-Roman-artwork-1st-century

Socrates was executed by the Athenian court in 399 B.C.E. on allegations of impiety and corrupting the youth.  The decision looms over Athens’ legacy as a city lauded for its intellectual and political independence. However, …

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Is Gladiator a True Story?

Marble-bust-of-Marcus-Aurelius

“Are you not entertained?” exclaims Russell Crowe, who plays General Maximus Decimus Meridius in the Academy Award-winning film Gladiator. The crowd responds with cheers after witnessing Maximus defeat multiple gladiators. Filmgoers were entertained, and it …

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How did Cleopatra Die?

Cleopatra-and-Caesar-a-painting-by-Jean-Leon-Gerome

Cleopatra, the most famous pharaoh of Egypt and mistress of Julius Caesar and Mark Antony, died by suicide after her army was defeated by the First Roman Emperor, Octavian. The Egyptian queen succeeded her father, …

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