How did Marius Reform the Roman Army?


The Marian reforms were established in 107 BC by the politician Gaius Marius. They were the reformed ancient Roman Army named after Marius. The changes arose after the Roman Republic’s military and logistics stopped flowing …

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Why was Socrates Killed?


Socrates was executed by the Athenian court in 399 B.C.E. on allegations of impiety and corrupting the youth.  The decision looms over Athens’ legacy as a city lauded for its intellectual and political independence. However, …

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Is Gladiator a True Story?


“Are you not entertained?” exclaims Russell Crowe, who plays General Maximus Decimus Meridius in the Academy Award-winning film Gladiator. The crowd responds with cheers after witnessing Maximus defeat multiple gladiators. Filmgoers were entertained, and it …

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How did Cleopatra Die?


Cleopatra, the most famous pharaoh of Egypt and mistress of Julius Caesar and Mark Antony, died by suicide after her army was defeated by the First Roman Emperor, Octavian. The Egyptian queen succeeded her father, …

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Why was Julius Caesar Assassinated


Julius Caesar was fatally stabbed in Rome, Italy, on March 15, 44 B.C.E. He was the Roman Republic’s dictator, and his murderers were Roman magistrates. These political supporters contributed to the creation of Roman politics …

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