How did Marius Reform the Roman Army?

Bust-of-Marius-instigator-of-the-Marian-reforms

The Marian reforms were ancient Roman army changes established in 107 BC by the politician Gaius Marius. The Roman Army was named after Marius. The changes arose in response to the Roman Republic’s military and …

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Why was Socrates Killed?

Marble-Portrait-of-Socrates-Roman-artwork-1st-century

Socrates was executed by the Athenian court in 399 B.C.E. on allegations of impiety and corrupting the youth.  The decision looms over Athens’ legacy as a city lauded for its intellectual and political independence. However, …

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Is Gladiator a True Story

Marble-bust-of-Marcus-Aurelius

“Are you not entertained?” exclaims Russell Crowe, who plays General Maximus Decimus Meridius in the Academy Award-winning film Gladiator. The crowd responds with cheers after witnessing Maximus defeat multiple gladiators. Filmgoers were entertained, and it …

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How did Cleopatra Die?

Cleopatra-and-Caesar-a-painting-by-Jean-Leon-Gerome

Cleopatra, the most famous pharaoh of Egypt and mistress of Julius Caesar and Mark Antony, died by suicide after her army was defeated by Octavian, the eventual first emperor of Rome. Cleopatra VII, pharaoh of …

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Why was Julius Caesar Assassinated

Sculpture-of-Julius-Caesar

Julius Caesar was fatally stabbed in Rome, Italy, on March 15, 44 B.C.E. He was the Roman Republic’s dictator, and his murderers were Roman magistrates. These political supporters contributed to the creation of Roman politics …

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